In India, the procedure for marriage registration or getting a marriage certificate is common for all states. There are no such separate laws present for different states. In India, a marriage can be registered under two Marriage Acts as follow:
1.) The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955
2.) The Special Marriage Act, 1954.
The Hindu Marriage Act is applicable only to the Hindus. In this bride and groom, both should be Hindu, whereas the Special Marriage Act is applicable to all citizens of India irrespective of their religion. Both the Hindu Marriage Act and the Special Marriage Act provide for the registration and solemnization of marriages for the couples. A marriage certificate can only be applied by married couples.
Procedure to apply for a marriage certificate in India-
- Under the Hindu Marriage Act–
- Married couple have to apply to the Registrar in whose jurisdiction the marriage is solemnized or the Registrar in whose jurisdiction either couple has been residing at least for six months immediately preceding the date of marriage.
- Fill the Application form of marriage certificate duly signed by both husband and wife.
- Verification of all the documents is done on the date of application and after that, a day is fixed for the appointment and communicated to the couple for registration.
- Both parties have to appear before the Registrar along with their parents or guardians or witnesses.
- The Certificate is issued on the same day of the appointment.
2. Under the Special Marriage Act:
- The couples have to give notice to the Marriage Officer in whose jurisdiction at least one of the members has resided for not less than 30 days prior to the date of the notice.
- If either of the members is residing in the area of another Marriage Officer, a copy of the notice should be sent to him for publication.
- The marriage can be solemnized after the completion of one month time period from the date of publication of the notice, only if no objections are received.
- If any objection is received in that case, the Marriage Officer has to enquire into them and take a decision either to solemnize the marriage or to refuse it.
- Through this process, registration will be done after the solemnization of the marriage.
- Filled application form signed by both husband and wife Proof of Address it can be Voter ID/ Ration Card/ Passport, Driving License;
- Proof of DOB and 2 passports sized photographs of both husband and wife,
- 1 photograph of marriage.
- Different Marriage Affidavits filled in the prescribed format from Husband & Wife
- All documents must be self-attested.
- Marriage Invitation Card.
However, for marriages in India, the groom and the bride must have completed 21 years and 18 years of age respectively. Documents for both will be the same.